Who used the trans-Saharan trade route?
In the middle of the 14th century, Ibn Battuta crossed the Sijilmasa desert via the salt mines of Taghaza to the oasis of Oualata. A guide was sent ahead and water was brought on a four-day trip from Oualata to meet the caravan. Culture and religion were also exchanged on the Trans-Saharan trade route.
Who were involved in the trans-Saharan trade?
After its conquest of North Africa in the 8th century, Arabs, Berbers and other ethnic groups ventured into sub-Saharan Africa, first along the Nile Valley to Nubia and then across the Sahara. to West Africa. They were interested in trans-Saharan trade, especially slaves.
What are the two products traded along the trans-Saharan trade routes?
Finally, the trans-Saharan trade brought the Sudanese states and their access to gold to the attention of the world outside of the West African island region. Commercial goods. Salt, gold and slaves were essential commodities throughout the period 500-1590. Cloth has also become an important trade good.
Why is trans-Saharan trade important?
Trans-Saharan trade also provided a strong motivation for the formation of large Sudanese states and empires to protect traders and trade routes, which in turn brought the wealth needed to wage wars of population and territorial expansion, to acquire horses and superior iron weapons, to send thousands of…
Why has trans-Saharan trade declined?
The logistics of travel through the desert (heat, lack of water, etc.), unrest along the trans-Saharan routes (Ex: Moroccan attack on the Songhai-Timbuktu Empire), and the progress of maritime travel, as well as changing economic and political contexts combined with the decline of trans-Saharan trade.
What religion spread the Trans-Saharan Highway?
The biggest religion that spread on this trade route was Islam. Over time, if African states were not already supported by the Islamic Caliphate, they might have converted voluntarily, with the help of Berber Arab traders, many of whom were already converts to Islam.
What is the impact of trans-Saharan trade?
trade leads to an exchange of culture in the form of goods, language, currency, technology and religion. Some significant effects of the TS trade route are: the establishment of Timbuktu, the spread of Islam, the spread of written Arabic (especially to West Africa), and more.
What does the term trans-Saharan mean?
The Trans-Saharan trade was when people crossed the Sahara to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe or the Levant. Trade was also used to transport slaves and food to different places.
What are the two products that seem the most important for the trans-Saharan trade?
Verified Answer Expert. In sub-Saharan trade, gold, salt and slaves were the most important commodities.
What were the main causes of the trans-Saharan trade?
The causes of the growth of trans-Saharan trade are similar to those that have increased trade on the Silk Roads and Indian Ocean trade networks. They included the desire for goods not available in buyers’ home regions, improved business practices and technological innovation.
What was traded on the trans-Saharan trade route?
What was traded on the trans-Saharan trade route? West Africans traded their local goods like gold, ivory, salt, and cloth for North African goods like horses, books, swords, and chain mail. This trade (called the Trans-Saharan trade because it crossed the Sahara desert) also included slaves. …
Why was Carthage important in trans-Saharan trade?
Founded c. 800 BCE, Carthage became a terminus for gold, ivory and slaves from West Africa. West Africa received salt, cloth, beads and metal products. Shillington proceeds to identify this trade route as the source of iron smelting in West Africa.
What did the Garamantes do in the trans-Saharan slave trade?
The Garamantes also engaged in the trans-Saharan slave trade. The Garamantes used slaves in their own communities to build and maintain underground irrigation systems known as foggara.
What was the trade between Africa and Europe?
What was the trans-Saharan trade? Trans-Saharan trade was the transit of goods between sub-Saharan Africa and the Arab and European worlds of the north. Goods included precious metals, such as gold, as well as slaves.